Review: Thermalright SLK-900U Heatsink

Cooling
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TESTING

Here's how it looks, mounted on a P4 system (with a Panaflo on top the wrong way, only in this photo, not during testing):

The SLK-900 was mounted on the P4 platform as shown above (with the fan flipped the other way). It was tested only on the P4 platform.

There was an issue with motherboard capacitors on the available socket-A (AMD) motherboards making contact with the fins. This is also mentioned in a recent review of the SLK-900 by System Cooling.com. They concluded,

...the SLK-900 would fit a number of different AMD motherboards, but it requires the end user to bend a few capacitors out of the way so that they do not come into contact with the fins of the SLK-900, thus allowing proper seating of the heatsink... This procedure is not for the novice, but for more experienced users and remember, you do so at your own risk. Bending them too much can cause damage to your motherboard.

Rather than force fit anything in a rush, an addendum to this review will be made when performance on a socket-A setup can be tested carefully.

Our standard low-noise, low-airflow HS testing methodology is used. The reference quiet Panaflo low airflow fan is used, at 12, 7 and 5V. This is the same fan and the same voltages used in previous HS reviews. The only variable is the cooling power of the HS itself; we're not comparing fans. The question we seek to answer is how well the HS does with a very quiet fan. The same quiet fan is used for most HS (the exceptions being models in which the fan is tightly integrated with the HS).

Please read the caveats about P4 thermal diode accuracy on page 2 of the HS test methodology article. There is evidence to indicate the diode might read >10° C lower than actual core temperatures. At this time, we use the thermal diode to obtain CPU temperature information -- like the vast majority of hardware sites. Other options, such as Intel's P4 Thermal Test Vehicle (discussed in this Intel PDF document), are still being investigated.

Key Components in P4 HS Test platform

The P4 HS test platform is an open system not enclosed in a case. The test platform and procedure is described in detail in our HS Test Methodology article.

  • Intel P4-1.8A Northwood core - Maximum power is ~50W. 67° C rated maximum junction temp.
  • Intel D845PEBT2 motherboard - Intel 845PE Chipset; on-die CPU thermal diode monitoring
  • Panaflo FBA08A12L1A 80mm DC fan
  • Any VGA card (AGP)
  • 256 MB DDRAM - PC2100 generic
  • Any hard drive (in Smart Drive from Silicon Acoustics)
  • DigiDoc5 w/ thermal sensors
  • Any Good PSU
  • Zalman Multi-Connector (ZM-MC1) and Fanmate1 voltage controller
  • Arctic Silver 3 Thermal Compound
  • Two-level plywood platform with foam damping feet. Motherboard on top; most other components below. Eases heatsink changes and setup.
  • CPUBurn processor stress software
  • Intel Active Monitor and Motherboard Monitor software to show CPU temperature

The reference Panaflo fan was placed on top of the heatsink, blowing down, and CPU stress tests run at 12, 7 and 5 volts feed to the fan. Panaflo fan summary:

Panaflo FBA08A12L1A Speed, Airflow and Noise
VDC
RPM
dBA @ 1cm
dBA @ 1m*
CFM
Comment
12V
1900
48~50
21 (official)
24
Plainly audible from several feet away. Some low frequency vibration can be heard and felt; direct mounting to a chassis accentuates the low frequency noise. Most audible aspect of sound is centered around 5-10 KHz; whine and whoosh are best descriptors. Much quieter than most commonly used fans.
7V

1235

35~38
12 (calculated)
14 (calculated)
All aspects of noise greatly diminished. From a few feet away, it is inaudible to many people. Qualitatively, it is a hum rather than a whoosh or whine. No high pitched noise at all. Enough vibration remains that direct chassis mounting produces a bit of low frequency accentuation.
5V
760
32~35
9 (calculated)
10 (calculated)
Essentially inaudible in free air except from under one foot distance. Someone with higher hearing sensitivity might hear it from 2 feet, but it would only be a whisper, or rather a very quiet buzz. The vibration level is low enough that direct chassis mounting produces no significant boost in low frequency noise.

*dBA @ 1 meter sound pressure level is the most common industrial measurement for noise. The Panaflo is rated by the manufacturer at 21 dBA. Sound level meter systems capable of measuring accurately below 20 dBA are priced well over US$10,000. Furthermore, the ambient noise level must be lower than the measured source by at least several dBA. These factors make low noise measurments at one meter at the lower voltages is extremely challenging. Thus our fallback to the nearfield measurement technique, 1 cm from edge of fan frame, not in the airflow path.

The heatsink was cleaned and installed using the more convenient clip system, with Arctic Silver 3. The system was allowed to cool between tests for ~15 minutes. The ambient temperature was 20C throughout.

  • All temperatures in degrees Celsius.
  • Diode: reading from P4-1.8 CPU diode via Intel Hardware Monitor.
  • Temp Rise refers to the difference between ambient temperature and the diode reading. The ambient temperature during all testing: 20° Celsius., measured with DigiDoc thermistor ~6 inches above CPU HS and fan.
  • ° C/W refers to the number of degrees of temperature rise per watt of heat dissipated by the CPU. Intel rates the P4-1.8A at 49.6W. With speed throttling and other tricks, the actual power dissipation of the P4 is actually something of a mystery, so for now, we'll round off that number to 50W. If the power dissipation is correct, ° C/W can be used to accurately predict the performance of the HS with processors of different wattage.
  • To estimate temperatures inside a PC case, add ~10° C to the room temperature. The case temp rise can be less or more; this varies on so many factors that it is difficult to be more specific.

Panaflo FBA08A12L1A -- After >20 minutes of CPUburn at High Priority

SLK-900
Diode
Temp rise
° C/W
Panaflo 80L @12V
32C
12C
0.24
Panaflo 80L @7V
38C
18C
0.36
Panaflo 80L @5V
44C
24C
0.48

The idle temps are not reported because the highest was only 27C.

Just to check on whether a 92mm fan would make any difference, a PC Power & Cooling Silencer 92mm fan was also tried at 12V, as shown below. This fan has very similar noise characteristic as the Panaflo 80L and is rated for 27 CFM instead of 24. At first it did no appear that there was any difference, but later I realized that unlike in the other tests, I had neglected to let the CPU cool off between tests.

The test was rerun. There was a small difference in CPU temp with the PC Power & Cooling Silencer 92mm fan at 12V, which fluctated between 30C and 31C after half an hour of CPUburn at High Priority. The other benefit from the 92mm fan is that the increased area of airflow naturally helps to keep on-board components (such as the northbridge chip) a bit cooler and possibly more stable.

Here is the full set of data with the the PC Power & Cooling Silencer 92mm fan.

PC Power & Cooling Silencer 92mm fan - After >20 minutes of CPUburn at High Priority

SLK-900
Diode
Difference*
Temp rise
° C/W
PCP&C 92 @12V
30-31C
1-2C
10-11C
0.2 - 0.22
PCP&C 92 @7V
38C
0
18C
0.36
PCP&C 92 @5V
43C
1C
23C
0.46

*Difference between temperature seen with Panaflo 80L in first set of tests above

The differences may be too small to be significant. One of the issues with the PC Power & Cooling Silencer 92mm fan is that it does not feel like it has more airflow than the Panaflo 80L. It would have been better to use a Panaflo 92L, which would be assured of producing higher airflow. Of course, the noise prodiuced by the 92L may be higher than the 80L; this is something that would have to be investigated.

In any case, these are the best results seen thus far with any P4 heatsink on the SPCR test bench. Compare the results for the same tests on the Zalman 6500B-CU, the best performer in ourearlier P4 HS roundup:

After >20 minutes of CPUburn at High Priority

Zalman 6500B-CU
Diode
Temp rise
° C/W
Panaflo 80L @12V
34C
14C
0.28
Panaflo 80L @7V
39C
19C
0.38
Panaflo 80L @5V
47C
27C
0.54

CONCLUSIONS

The SLK-900 bests the heavier Zalman 6500B-CU at all Panaflo fan voltage settings. It is not a huge margin, but consistent. With a larger 92mm fan, the SLK-900's advantage will likely increase; with the right fan, this gain can be obtained with NO increase in noise level.

The Thermalright SLK-900 allows you to run quieter fans with hotter CPUs better than any other HS we've tested so far. Its size and need for through-the-board mounting on socket-A boards make it not quite as universal as Thermalright planned, but there's no reason to belive it would not do superbly with low airflow in cooling an AMD processor.

If you already have a top-rank HS, changing to the SLK-900 will probably give you only marginal gains, But if you have been eyeing the heavyweights or want the best CPU cooling for the lowest noise system, it is the best tested at SPCR thus far.

Much thanks to Silicon Valley Compucycle (SVC) and Thermalright for the review sample.

* * * * *

POSTCRIPT - Feb 21/03

SPCR Forum members expressed concern about whether the 92mm fan could be used with the standard P4 mounting clips. These had not been used in testing.

A quick check revealed that it is indeed a very tight fit, but it can be done --IF you have easy access to all sides of the HS during installation, as I did with the open bench mounting setup. If the motherboard is already mounted in a case, this would be VERY difficult,especially if the PSU is not moved out of the way. You may be able to see where the white arrows are in the photo below that the HS clips are pressed up tightly against the wire clips. The pressure may cause the HS clips to be less secure than usual.

There is another simple way of getting the 92mm fan to stay on. Use flexible wire instead, and the holes that are higher up on the fin. A thin solid length of bare wire can be threaded the holes in the fins, routed through 2 mounting holes on the fan and the ends twisted tight together. Ditto the other side. It would be very much like using the provided wire clips. Or just take some pliers to the wire clips and see if you can make them go into the higher hole so they don't touch the HS mounting clips.

* * * * *

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